As men age, they may begin to have issues with their prostate. Understanding the most common concerns with the prostate and treatment and symptoms is essential to ensure proper care. Home health aids can monitor concerning issues and help seniors understand any diagnosis that may result from concerns.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, is a common prostate condition. This condition, symptoms, and treatment are discussed in detail below.
What Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) typically affects older men. It happens when the prostate gland enlarges and presses against the urethra, creating various urine issues. BPH affects nearly half of all men over the age of 50.
Although the precise reason for BPH is unknown, it is thought to be connected to shifts in the hormonal equilibrium that occur naturally with aging in men. The intensity of BPH symptoms might vary, and they may include the following:
- Constant and urgent need to urinate, particularly during the night
- Problems beginning to urinate or keeping a constant flow
- Straining during urination
- Inability to completely evacuate the bladder
- Increased dribbling after urinating
- Increased urinary tract infections
If benign prostatic hyperplasia is not treated, it might result in further health issues, such as kidney damage, bladder stones, and urinary system infections. If seniors have any of these symptoms, they must get medical assistance as soon as possible.
Treatment for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
BPH can be treated in a variety of ways, including through the use of medication. Typically, Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are prescribed. The muscles in the prostate and bladder can be relaxed with alpha-blockers, and the size of the prostate gland can be reduced with 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. In some instances, seniors might need surgery to address the issue.
Transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT) and transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) are two examples of minimally invasive procedures that employ heat or radio waves to eliminate a portion of the prostate tissue. This technique decreases the size of the prostate, which improves urinary problems. More invasive surgical treatment may be required in severe cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Can Changes in Diet Help Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
Since the cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not certain, medical professionals may look at diet to help seniors control the issues, along with medication or surgery. Home health aids can assist seniors with diet changes by creating meal plans focusing on a prostate-healthy diet. This might include suggestions such as when to eat or drink and dietary changes. Some common advice is listed below.
- Avoiding drinking before bedtime
- Limiting liquids that encourage urination, such as alcohol or caffeine
- Eating a low-fat diet
- Increasing the number of vegetables in their diet
- Increasing the number of fruits in their diet, especially citrus fruits
- Maintaining a healthy weight
With the support of loved ones and home health, senior men can manage the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia so it doesn’t interfere with their day-to-day routine. If loved ones are concerned, discuss any possible issues with seniors and consult a medical professional.